Peripheral Neuropathy occurs when the nerves that transmit information to and from the central nervous system (spinal cord and brain) and the nerves that connect to the muscle, skin, and other internal organs (also called dermatomes) have been damaged or otherwise impaired. These issues can cause problems with muscle movements, sensation in extremities, and sometimes pain.
Causes of Peripheral Neuropathy
There are many factors that can cause Peripheral Neuropathy, ranging from trauma to illness to infection. These include, but are not limited to:
- Vitamin deficiency
- Kidney disease
- Thyroid disease
- Certain medications
- Lyme disease
- Certain forms of cancer
- Hereditary neuropathies (those passed down from parent to child)
- Idiopathic neuropathies (those occurring from an unknown cause)
Types of Peripheral Neuropathy
There are two major types of neuropathy: Mononeuropathy and Polyneuropathy. Mononeuropathy mainly affects only one nerve or nerve group, while Polyneuropathy affects multiple nerves or nerve groups at a time. Different forms of Mononeuropathy include Ulnar Nerve Palsy, Peroneal Nerve Palsy, Radial Nerve Palsy, and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, while different forms of Polyneuropathy includes Diabetic Neuropathy and Guillain-Barre syndrome.
How to Treat Peripheral Neuropathy
Since Peripheral Neuropathy has many different types of causes, the treatments are wide-ranging as well. Your doctor can discuss with you about finding a therapy that matches your condition.