Dyslipidemia is a disorder where the body has an abnormal amount of lipids in the bloodstream. These lipids include cholesterol and triglycerides. Abnormal amount of lipids can be caused by diet, elevated insulin, and/or lifestyle choices.
Dyslipidemia can be caused by either a genetic pre-disposition, or in association with other conditions such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, or alcoholism.
Hyperlipidemia is the most common and well-known version of dyslipidemia, describing an elevated level of lipids in the blood.
Management of Dyslipidemia
Since abnormal lipid levels can be caused by a poor diet and lack of physical activity, reversing these lifestyle choices is the first step in returning lipids to optimal levels.
Drug therapies are also an option, especially in situations where the lipid levels are far outside of the normal parameters.
Risks of Dyslipidemia
A rise in cholesterol can lead to the development of atherosclerosis, a condition that reduces the blood flow of the arteries. This in turn can lead to more dangerous heart conditions such as stroke, heart attack, or coronary artery disease.